What Causes Canker Sores On The Tongue? Their Ways Of Treatment
Canker sores are a highly annoying periodontal disease, which cause a lot of pain. These tiny red or white ulcers can appear anywhere in the mouth, affecting the lips, gums, or even the cheeks. But the most widespread and painful canker sores are those on the tongue.
How Can I Tell If a Blister On My Tongue Is a Canker Sore?
First, of all, you should be cautious if the blister you have noticed on your tongue is reddish with a white coating. You are also likely to feel the tongue tightening or burning in about 24 hours before the actual canker sore appears there.
In the majority of cases of canker sores on the tongue, the ulcers are obviously become much more swollen and painful, often causing difficulties with chewing and swallowing.
As the inflammation keeps progressing, the muscles feel fatigued and symptoms of fever might develop. The management of such cases of canker sores on the tongue, calls for immediate professional medical help.
What Causes Canker Sores On The Tongue?
Modern medicine has yet to come up with a specific cause of canker sores on the tongue. But it has been already proven that, despite popular belief, aphthous ulcers are not triggered by a viral infection and therefore, the disease is not contagious. However, fungi and dental bacteria are still on the list of possible sources of canker sores.
It is even more common for a food or medication allergy, or oral cavity trauma to trigger the disease. Even a minor mouth injury, caused by miniature food abrasions, bones, or dentures can results in the development of a canker sore on the tongue.
There is strong evidence that endocrine profile changes make our mouths much more prone to canker sores. That is why many teenagers during their adolescence years, and some women before and after their menstrual cycle, regularly develop aphthous ulcers.
However, sometimes, long-lasting canker sores might be linked to a major underlying general health condition.
What Underlying General Health Conditions Can Trigger the Arrival of a Canker Sore on the Tongue?
Many medical care providers link the reoccurring and / or long lasting aphthous ulcers to various immune system impairments and gastrointestinal tract diseases.
Apart from that, a canker sore on the tongue can be linked to a deficiency of folic acid, iron, zinc, or vitamin B-12. Emotional stress is also very likely to trigger the condition, as it considerably weakens the protection barriers of the oral cavity.
It is clear that any of the above-mentioned cases, impose a danger not only on to your dental health, but also on the entire body’s system and hinders its normal functioning. So, it is essential to visit your health care provider, if your canker sore on the tongue lasts longer than 7 to 10 days or constantly reoccurs.
Types Of Canker Sores On The Tongue
Canker sores are generally divided into three different groups based on their size. They are:
Minor canker sores have a diameter spanning 1mm to 10 mm and are the most common type of canker sores. In fact, 80% of canker sores that develop are minor and last no longer than 7 to 10 days.
Major canker sores constitute about 10% of the total number of canker sores that develop and have a diameter larger than 10mm. These sores are slightly bigger and thus need anywhere between 10 to 30 days to heal and may even leave scars after healing.
Herpetiform ulcers make up the last 10% of canker sores and appear as clusters of various, small individual sores. These sores generally need about 7 to 10 days to heal.
What Dental Care Products Trigger the Development of Canker Sores on the Tongue?
More and more dental care products with the certain chemical compounds are linked to the increase of cankers sore on the tongue, as they can irritate and damage the oral cavity’s soft tissues and thus, might trigger the growth of aphthous ulcers.
In this regard, close attention must be given to sodium laurel sulfate, which is used in numerous commercial toothpastes instead of previously used glycerin to achieve the effect of active foam formation. Choose natural herbal toothpastes to treat and prevent the development of canker sores on the tongue.
Similarly, irritation of the mouth’s soft tissues is associated with commercial mouthwashes, which have fluoride in their active ingredients. If this is the case, use homemade mouth rinses instead of over-the- counter ones.
How Is a Canker Sore on the Tongue Treated?
Dental care providers rarely prescribe medications for the management of a canker sore on the tongue, as the ulcers usually heal on their own in a week or two.
However, you can use some herbal remedies and homemade salt, magnesia, or baking soda solutions to relieve the inflammation. If the pain is intolerable, your health care provider might recommend corticosteroid ointments or special solutions.
Anti-bacterial medications and mouth rinses will considerably speed up the healing process for canker sores on the tongue. Also remember to drink plenty of water to improve salivation, which is natural antiseptic.
Home Remedies for Canker Sores on the Tongue
There are various home remedies you can try to treat any canker sores you have on your tongue.
– The best is to mix equal amounts of hydrogen peroxide and water and then directly apply the mixture to the canker sore using a cotton swab. This done, dab a small amount of Milk of Magnesia to the canker sore about 3-4 times a day. This not only soothes the pain and discomfort of the sore, but also helps with its healing.
– There is another home remedy you can try out. It involves mixing equal portions of Milk of Magnesia and Benadryl, and then swishing the mixture in your mouth for about a minute, and then spitting it out.
– Make a salt water rinse by mixing a tablespoon of salt in warm water and then rinsing the mouth with it regularly throughout the day. This helps as salt dries out the sores and helps with their healing.
– Apply the oil from a vitamin E capsule directly to the sores and feel the difference. It will provide pain relief.
– You can help the canker sores heal quickly by placing a raw piece of onion on the affected area.
Despite its painful and rather annoying nature, canker sores on the tongue are usually able to heal on their own.
However, it is worth seeking medical assistance, if the ulcers last longer than two weeks.