Plaque On Teeth: Main Causes And Tips To Removing Plaque
You have probably already noticed the sticky film on your teeth after your meals or early in the morning after your sleep. The formation of plaque on teeth is a natural thing, which will cause no problems as long as it develops at the normal rate and, most importantly, that you take all the necessary oral care measures to remove it.
However, excessive amounts of plaque on teeth are particularly dangerous, not only for your dental, but also for your general health. To understand the principle of the negative impact of dental plaque on your body, it is essential to clearly realize its nature and composition.
What Is the Composition of Plaque on Teeth?
Basically, dental plaque is the essentially colorless mix of food debris and numerous colonies of oral bacteria that feed on it.
Even though ADA experts agree that the majority of these bacteria are harmless to your health and even help to create a healthy oral cavity environment, they still distinguish harmful breeds of bacteria that are proven to trigger tooth decay and periodontal disease.
What Makes the Plaque on Teeth Start Uncontrolled Growth?
A healthy and well-cared-for body usually successfully manages control of the breeding of these harmful living organisms by beneficial dental germs called on to maintain the health of the oral cavity.
However, as soon as the person consumes food or drink containing sugar or acid and then fails to remove the resulting buildup of plaque on the teeth at least twice a day, this gives the green light to the harmful bacteria. They swiftly attach themselves to the teeth and start uncontrolled breeding, giving the oral health-maintaining germs no chance to fight off their enemy.
Why Does the Plaque on Teeth Become Visible?
You will hardly ever notice plaque on your teeth if you manage to remove it regularly. Otherwise, the harmful bacteria keep on breeding and naturally mix with the proteins found in saliva and thus acquire white color. The plaque on the teeth turns yellow when it starts hardening and turning into tartar. Remember that such a dental buildup cannot be removed at home and requires professional assistance.
Is Plaque on Teeth Really Dangerous?
The harmful bacteria not only expand their population and cover the teeth with an increasingly thicker film, but additionally produce highly concentrated acid. This substance easily eats holes in the affected tooth enamel, allowing bacteria which trigger dental caries to enter the pulp and form a deep cavity in the tooth. Yet more prolonged tooth exposure to the buildup of plaque on the teeth enables the bacteria to impair the tooth nerve and lead to loss of the tooth.
Other harmful bacteria breed inhabiting the plaque on teeth specialize in eating up the patient’s gum line, triggering the dental disorder termed periodontal disease. If this is the case, you will first notice that your gums have become swollen, red, and slightly tender; this means that you have been unlucky enough to face the minor disease stage called gingivitis.
As the condition keeps progressing, the affected gum line starts bleeding, aching, and even receding. If left untreated, severe periodontal disease ends up in the affected gum area tissues, teeth, and/or even loss of the supporting bone. What is more, periodontal disease can turn into a life-threatening condition if the harmful bacteria which inhabit plaque on the teeth enter the blood stream, causing sepsis, or even major impairments of the kidneys, lungs and heart.
Prolonged exposure to the plaque on teeth can cause tooth loss, bad breath syndrome associated with harmful bacteria, heart attack, stroke, or even cancers.
What Are the Triggers Behind the Plaque on Teeth and Tips for Their Elimination?
ADA experts never stop warning that inadequate oral hygiene is a root cause of the buildup of plaque on teeth and the main concerns are related to the techniques and, especially, frequency with which you brush your teeth. Remember that, even though you cannot see the plaque on your teeth, it does not mean that it is not there, and thus, one brushing a day is not enough; you will need at least two or three.
Also, never underestimate the importance of the daily flossing routine, since by failing to remove dental plaque from the gaps between your teeth, you will never eliminate the above-mentioned problems. Finally, by avoiding your dentist, you have every chance of not noticing that the plaque on your teeth is becoming aggressive.
No matter how strange it sounds, your dietary habits are closely linked not only to the buildup rate of plaque on your teeth, but also its coloring. Therefore, it is better to avoid foods and beverages that are rich in acid, starch, and sugar, which the harmful bacteria take the maximum pleasure in feeding on. On the other hand, you can take advantage of foods containing fibers to fight the oral cavity enemy, since these fruits and vegetables work as the perfect scrapers of teeth, tongue, and gums. Finally, ensure that your diet is balanced enough and limit the numbers of your snacks.
Even a minor buildup of plaque on teeth can become a recurring problem for some categories of people. First of all, these are patients with acute immune system impairments or diabetes.
How Is the Excessive Plaque on Teeth Buildup Prevented?
All the above-mentioned dietary and oral hygiene changes will become highly practical techniques, helping you to effectively remove plaque from your teeth. In addition, remember to brush your cheeks and, particularly, tongue, since these oral cavity areas commonly trap dental plaque and harmful bacteria. You can use either a soft toothpaste or special dental scraper for that.
Never miss routine dental check-ups and cleanings to get plaque on your teeth professionally removed. Ask your dentist about an individual oral hygiene plan and fluoride level control. Use toothpaste with fluoride, if needed. In certain severe cases, the placement of sealants is prescribed to protect the chewing surfaces of the teeth and, therefore, avoid the development of dental caries.
Finally, remember that the effective removal of plaque on your teeth will help you to avoid the serious complications described above.