Most Common Dental Implants Problems And Causes of Failure
Today, when it comes to the replacement of a missing tooth, more and more patients are choosing dental implants instead of the highly uncomfortable bridges and fixed or removable dentures. Apart from having a natural look, dental implants impose no food restrictions or taste problems.
What’s more, these up-to date cosmetic dentistry appliances require no sticky adhesives and will never slip off your gums. So, when making the choice of having dental implants, you will be fortunate to avoid any highly embarrassing situations.
However, this is just the face side of the coin. Despite the numerous advantages of dental implants, you should also be aware of the possible problems which might occur either during the dental surgery or in the recovery stage.
What Problems Might Occur During the Dental Implant Surgery?
Despite the fact that dental implantation is considered to be a minor surgical procedure, it is also associated with a number of risk factors.
The most common complication with dental implants in the first stage is damage to the mandible nerve.
This complication can develop either because of the need for the surgeon to deepen the supporting hole of the dental implant when the patient lacks the sufficient amount of bone tissue to support the artificial tooth in the lower jaw, or when the implant placement is too close to the nerve.
The minor mandible nerve damage, associated with implant pressure, usually causes the temporary loss of sensitivity in the gum, lower lip, or chin.
The damage to the mandible nerve is usually accompanied by an acute intolerable pain and calls for the immediate removal of the dental implant.
However, when it comes to the nerve being cut, the patient feels a short series of the shooting pain, and the loss of sensation in the affected gum becomes irreversible.
When working with a patient’s upper jaw, an oral surgeon runs the risks of placing the dental implant way to deep. This leads to dental implant problems such as sinus complications and sinusitis, which call for the immediate intake of antibiotics or even surgical treatment. If not diagnosed timeously, it is very likely to cause the loss of the dental implant.
The common problems with dental implants also include damage to the bone supporting the dental implant. This complication is also associated with the lack of bony support and usually requires the placement of bone grafts to avoid the removal of the dental implant.
The damage to blood vessels is linked to artery or vein damage. However, control of a minor hemorrhage can be easily managed by an experienced dentist or oral surgeon. The damage is usually accompanied by minor pain and hematoma symptoms, which occur during the recovery period and can be successfully managed with the help of anti-inflammatory medication.
When preparing a patient’s jaw for implantation, an oral surgeon might accidently damage the neighboring teeth by touching their roots with the dental instruments. This might lead to either acute pain or symptoms of sensitivity loss. These dental implant problems usually require urgent root canal treatment.
What Problems Might Occur with Dental Implants During the Recovery Period?
The implantation surgery is followed by the osseointegration period, which involves anchoring the dental implant to the jaw bone.
Here are some possible problems with dental implants associated with complications in the osseointegration period.
The recovery period is closely linked to infection in the artificial tooth area, which can be either introduced with the dental crown or actual implant, or result from a patient’s poor oral hygiene habits.
The infection causes infection in the affected gum area, the formation of a pus pocket, and consequently, this leads to the loss of the supporting jaw bone, and rejection of the dental implant.
The following problems can develop with dental implants when an oral surgeon uses high speed equipment and / or uses too much pressure when screwing in the dental implant. In either case, a poor blood supply to the affected area is observed, which later results in the failure of the dental implant.
Another complication can also develop if immediate placement is done for immediate esthetic results. So, make sure your dental care professional checks the dental implant pressure right after the surgery and ensures the dental crowns performs an esthetic function.
And finally, dental implant rejection, poor osseointegration, or the wrong implantation technique often result into loosely fitting or unsteady implants, which should immediately be checked by your dentist.
Due to the implant’s brittle construction, many patients also blame dental implant breakage among the dental implant problems which can be managed with the replacement of artificial teeth.
Possible Causes for Problems with Dental Implants
There are various possible causes for different complications associated with dental implants.
– Infections may be a consequence of an infection that started during the dental implant surgery or crown restoration or even poor oral hygiene. Whatever the reason, it leads to inflammation of the bone and the area surrounding the implant which eventually causes bone loss.
– Sometimes the wrong placement of the dental implant can cause complications.
For example, if it’s placed in a part of the jaw with low bone volume, then the implant may not properly bond with the bone.
It’s best if your doctor is aware of the low bone volume before the dental implant surgery so that a bone graft can first be performed. This will help lower the chances of dental implant complications.
– Smoking is a big factor and cause of dental implant problems. As the risk of complications is higher with smoking patients, your dentist will suggest that smokers stop smoking before the dental implant surgery.
– Like any other surgery, patients who are in good physical condition and good general health have a higher rate of success with surgery than patients suffering from diseases, such as diabetes and high blood pressure.
Those suffering with poor health conditions which impair the bone growth are prone to developing dental implant problems as their bone growth is affected by the bone’s poor blood supply, especially to the implant site.
– Another common dental implant problem is when the dentist immediately loads the implant or builds a crown immediately on top of the implant after placing it in the jaw bone. This leads to the implant disturbing the osseointegration process which eventually leads to dental implant failure.
However, this is a very rare complication as most dentists don’t immediately load implants and if they do, they ensure they do it without applying too much pressure on the implant tooth.
How Are a Patient’s General Health and Lifestyle Habits Affected by the Wearing of Dental Implants?
Unfortunately, certain general or dental health conditions, such as cancer, high blood pressure, type2 diabetes, or periodontal diseases are likely to cause numerous dental implant problems, and consequently, require additional treatment before the implantation procedure can be performed.
It is also highly recommended to quit smoking before going for implantation surgery, as extremely high temperatures, together with chemicals, make the possibility of dental implant rejection much higher.
Poor dental habits such as a teeth grinding and / or sucking, and an inadequate oral hygiene regime may lead to dental implant problems, ranging from an unsteady dental implant or minor dental infection and even the rejection of the artificial tooth.
Consult with several dental care professionals on managing the three poor dental habits to ensure the success of dental implantation.
Remember to carefully follow your dentist’s and oral surgeon’s aftercare recommendations and an adequate oral hygiene regime to avoid any problems with your dental implants.