Dental Implants Issues And Their Placement Procedure
Previously root canals, bridges, and fixed or removable dentures, were used to replace missing teeth, but those days have gone away forever. Nowadays, more and more patients are choosing to have dental implants instead.
Unlike their large and uncomfortable predecessors, these up-to-date cosmetic dentistry appliances require no sticky adhesives or tiresome oral cavity hygiene procedures. Apart from that, they help to save your adjacent teeth, located next to the missing tooth, as the dental implants do not get supported by them.
What are Dental Implants?
Dental implants are artificial titanium stubs, used to replace the roots of missing tooth, which are placed in the jaw bone to support a prosthetic tooth or bridge.
Apart from the aesthetic aspect, this kind of restoration treatment is aimed at preventing and reducing the process of jaw bone loss.
Dental implants are used to replace one or several teeth at a time. If properly placed by your dentist or oral surgeon, they look and feel like your natural teeth and are likely to serve you for your entire lifetime!
Why are the Benefits of Dental Implants Beneficial?
It often happens that patients, who have experienced tooth loss, have low self-esteem, and feel uncomfortable when they smile or even talk. Apart from that, the problem of missing teeth is closely associated with secondary health disorders such as malnutrition. This is usually caused by the patient’s biting and chewing irregularities due to the loss of teeth.
The above-mentioned aesthetic and health problems can be easily solved by having dental implants fitted. These aesthetic dentistry appliances provide the patient’s jaw with enough strength and stability to eat any hard or even sticky foods, without struggling to chew.
In addition, the artificial teeth eliminate the danger of developing some dental disease swhich usually affect the natural teeth, such as tooth decay and gum disease. Furthermore, the dental implants prevent bone loss, boost the patient’s self-esteem, and help to maintain facial features.
Dental implants are better than poor-fitting dentures which may slip in the mouth, making you mumble while speaking or slurring your words. Fortunately, dental implants let you speak without worrying about your teeth slipping. Moreover, as they become a part of you, there is no longer the discomfort of having to remove your dentures while sleeping.
They also make chewing food so much easier as dental implants work like your own teeth. You can eat your favorite food confidently and without any pain. Last, but not least, removable dentures are removable while dental implants are permanent. So there’s no longer the inconvenience of having to remove your dentures or using messy adhesives to keep them in place.
What are the Types of Up-to-Date Dental Implants Available?
There are two types of dental implants widely used by dentists nowadays – the endosteal type and the subperiosteal type.
The first one is the most commonly used type of the dental implant. Endosteal is inserted into the patient’s jaw bone. They come in various shapes, sizes and types. They might be screws, or blades.
All the endosteal implant types are placed into the patient’s jaw bone during the dental surgery. This type of dental implant is recommended for the patients who have the adequate jaw bone to support a prosthetic tooth.
The alternative for patients, who have minimal jaw height, is a subperiosteal implant. It is placed on the patient’s jaw bone with the help of metallic framework stubs, protruding through the gums to support the prosthesis.
What are the Medical Indications for Dental Implants?
Dental implantation can be performed at any time after bone growth is completed. This usually happens after adolescence. The possibility of having dental implants and the type which is most suitable for you, is determined by your dentist, oral surgeon, and/or prosthodontist after a thorough examination of your oral tissues, as well as personal habits.
During the consultation, your dental professional will evaluate your jaw bone density, healthy teeth quantity, and gum condition. The examination usually involves having X-rays taken and going through computer tomography (CT scans).
The ideal candidate for dental implant insertions must have adequate general and oral health. His jaw bone must be strong enough to support the prosthetic tooth. In addition, the best candidates must have healthy and strong permanent teeth, and be free of periodontal gum disease.
Please note that there are certain medical conditions, such as cancer, type2 diabetes, and periodontal disease, which might require additional treatment before the implantation procedure can be performed.
How is Dental Implants Placement Procedure Carried Out?
This kind of dental treatment is generally carried out by a team of experienced healthcare professionals, including your dentist, prosthodontist, and periodontist. The surgery is generally carried out under local anesthesia with the use of some sedative medications. It typically involves two main stages: the patient’s jaw preparation for the implantation and the actual implant placement.
The surgery is followed by the osseointegration period, which involves anchoring the dental implant to the jaw bone, and this takes from three to six months, depending on your specific condition and the type of the dental implant chosen.
This involves placing the root implant of the tooth, which is a small titanium post, into the missing tooth’s bone socket. The jawbone grows around this implanted post as the jaw heals during a 6 to 12 week period, so that it’s secured in the jaw. A small connector post called an abutment is attached to the post when the implant is bonded to the jawbone.
Your dentist makes impressions of your teeth to make your new tooth or teeth, and creates a model of your bite so that the new tooth can be added, based on this model. A crown, or the replacement tooth is then attached to the abutment. Your dentist will match the new tooth’s color to your natural teeth so that your implant not only feels and functions like your natural tooth, but also looks like one.
How Dental Implants Work
Dental implants give you stable support for artificial teeth as they are fused to your jawbone. There is no risk or fear of it slipping off or shifting in your mouth while eating and speaking. However, you need to have healthy gums and sufficient bone to support the implant to receive it. You must also be ready to keep your dental implants healthy with the right dental hygiene and regular dental visits.
Modern dental implants are virtually indistinguishable from your natural teeth. Furthermore, they help you save your jaw bone and to maintain a healthy chewing process. But it is still necessary and important not forget to follow the oral cavity hygiene rules recommended by your dentist, to ensure that your new artificial teeth will serve you during for the rest of your lifetime!